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ADA University - February 12 - LCA

LCA - 2

The hanging tree with n (1n105) vertices numbered from 0 to n - 1 is given. Answer m (1m107) queries about Least Common Ancestor for pair of vertices.

The queries are numbered in the next way. Given values a1, a2 and x, y и z. Numbers a3, ..., a2m are generated in the next way:

ai = (x * ai-2 + y * ai-1 + z) mod n.

First query has the form <a1, a2>. If the answer to the (i - 1)-th query is v, then the i-th query has the form <(a2i-1 + v) mod n, a2i>.


First line contains two numbers n and m. The root of the tree has number 0. Second line contains n - 1 integers, i-th of these numbers equals to the parent of the vertex i. Third line contains two integers in the range from 0 to n - 1: a1 and a2. Fourth line contains three integers: x, y and z, they are non-negative and no more than 109.


Print the sum of the vertex numbers - the answers to all queries.

Time limit 6 seconds
Memory limit 128 MiB
Input example #1
3 2
0 1
2 1
1 1 0
Output example #1
Input example #2
1 2

0 0
1 1 1
Output example #2