favorite We need a little bit of your help to keep things running, click on this banner to learn more

Cactus Jubilee

Cactus Jubilee

This is the 20-th Northeastern European Regional Contest (NEERC). Cactus problems had become a NEERC tradition. The first Cactus problem was given in 2005, so there is a jubilee - 10 years of Cactus.

Cactus is a connected undirected graph in which every edge lies on at most one simple cycle. Intuitively cactus is a generalization of a tree where some cycles are allowed. Multiedges (multiple edges between a pair of vertices) and loops (edges that connect a vertex to itself) are not allowed in a cactus.

You are given a cactus. Let’s move an edge - remove one of graph’s edges, but connect a different pair of vertices with an edge, so that a graph still remains a cactus. How many ways are there to perform such a move?


For example, in the left cactus above (given in the first sample), there are 42 ways to perform an edge move. In the right cactus (given in the second sample), which is the classical NEERC cactus since the original problem in 2005, there are 216 ways to perform a move.


The first line contains two integers n and m (1n50 000, 0m50 000). Here n is the number of vertices in the graph. Vertices are numbered from 1 to n. Edges of the graph are represented by a set of edge-distinct paths, where m is the number of such paths.

Each of the following m lines contains a path in the graph. A path starts with an integer ki (2ki1000) followed by ki integers from 1 to n. These ki integers represent vertices of a path. Adjacent vertices in a path are distinct. Path can go to the same vertex multiple times, but every edge is traversed exactly once in the whole input.

The graph in the input is a cactus.


Write a single integer - the number of ways to move an edge in the cactus.

Time limit 1 second
Memory limit 64 MiB
Input example #1
6 1
7 1 2 5 6 2 3 4
Output example #1
Input example #2
15 3
9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 3
7 2 9 10 11 12 13 10
5 2 14 9 15 10
Output example #2
Source 2015 ACM NEERC, Semifinals, December 6, Problem C